Smiths Station Animal Hospital

2778 Lee Rd 430
Smiths Station, AL 36877

(334)297-1050

smithsstationah.com

Puppy Wellness Care

We would like to congratulate you on the acquisition of your new puppy. Owning a dog can be an extremely rewarding experience, but it is also a large responsibility.

First, let us say that we are grateful that you have chosen us to help you with your puppy's health care. If you have questions concerning any subject related to your puppy's health, please feel free to call our hospital. Our entire professional staff is willing and happy to help you. 

By meeting the special needs of your growing puppy, you can protect against illness and parasites and establish good wellness habits for the life of your pet.
 
Precautions
 
Puppies are very vulnerable to contagious diseases such as parvovirus. Until your puppy has completed his or her series of puppy visits and vaccines (usually by 15 weeks of age), please keep him or her at home as much as possible. While at home, keep your pet primarily indoors and avoid prolonged outdoor time, especially in dirt or soil areas. Your pet may go outdoors for play and to potty, but limit him or her to grassed areas and avoid digging. Also avoid places where your puppy will encounter other dogs or their droppings. Don't take him or her to the pet store, dog park, groomer or to visit friends with animals.
 
Carefully scoop your puppy's poop from your yard as soon as he goes to avoid a long-term parasite contamination of your yard. And, of course, make sure that any other pets in your home are up to date on their wellness care.
 
Exams
 
Comprehensive veterinary exams are the foundation of good health. Your puppy's first exam should take place as soon as possible after adoption. If possible, schedule a visit on your way home from the adoption center (or breeder). Your puppy should have exams every two weeks until completion of the puppy wellness series at 15 weeks of age (or older if vaccines were started later than 6 weeks of age).
 
Fleas & Ticks
 
Fleas and ticks are a year-round problem in our area. Ticks can spread serious diseases like Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Lyme Disease, Ehrlichiosis, etc. and fleas can cause skin allergies, skin infections and transmission of parasites like tapeworms. NEVER use over-the-counter flea and tick products as they can be extremely poisonous as well as ineffective. Monthly protection should begin by 8 weeks of age. Some flea preventatives can be started as early as 5-6 weeks of age.        
 
Heartworm Preventative
 
Every dog should be on year-round monthly heartworm preventative (HWP) to protect against heartworms as well as intestinal parasites. Monthly HWP should begin between 6 & 9 weeks of age.
                                                                 
Intestinal Parasites
 
Dewormings: Virtually all puppies are born with intestinal parasites because of transmission from mother to puppy during pregnancy and nursing. Every puppy should be dewormed every 2-3 weeks until 3 months of age, starting as early as possible (ideally beginning at 2 weeks old).  After 3 months of age, monthly deworming is needed. In our heartworm endemic region, we take care of the need to deworm for intestinal parasites monthly by using a heartworm preventative that also controls common intestinal parasites.
 
Fecal Exams: Because there are many different intestinal parasites that infect dogs and no one dewormer controls every parasite, we need to check your dog's stool. Based on the results of the exam, an appropriate dewormer will be chosen for your pet. Fecal exams are needed every 6 months for adult pets and every 2 weeks for puppies and kittens until they reach 12-16 weeks of age.                   
 
Vaccines
 
DA2P-CPV Vaccine: DA2P-CPV (Distemper, Adenovirus, Parainfluenza & Parvovirus combination) vaccines should be administered every three weeks starting at 6 weeks of age. At least two boosters are needed, ending at 12 weeks or older. Parvovirus vaccine is given again as a single vaccine at 15 weeks and again at 9-10 months of age to finish the puppy series. DA2P-CPV vaccine is boostered annually for adult dogs.

Leptospirosis Vaccine: Leptospirosis is given to most puppies at 12 weeks and included with the DA2P-CPV combination vaccine. This vaccine is boostered annually for adult dogs. Certain breeds may be more sensitive to this vaccine, and for this reason may be excluded from receiving it.

Rabies Vaccine: Rabies vaccine is given at 12 weeks of age and boostered annually. A 3 year rabies vaccine may be given after initially receiving a 1 year vaccine.
 
Bordetella Vaccine: Injectable Bordetella (kennel cough) vaccine is needed if your puppy will be going to puppy classes, a boarding kennel, a dog park, a groomer or to other places where many dogs visit. Bordetella vaccine will be given between 9 & 12 weeks of age and boostered in 3 weeks. This vaccine is boostered every 6 months for adult dogs.

Lyme Disease Vaccine: The Lyme disease vaccine helps prevent a tick transmitted disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, the Lyme disease organism. This vaccine may not be recommended for all dogs. Our veterinarians will help determine if your dog should receive this vaccine.



Spay or Neuter
 
Every puppy should be spayed or neutered between 4 & 6 months of age (some circumstances warrant an earlier surgery) unless you are planning on breeding your pet. Spaying and neutering prevents many serious medical (cancers, infections, etc.) and behavioral problems and adds years to your pet's life expectancy.
 
Microchip
 
Permanent identification with a microchip helps ensure that your puppy will be returned to you if he or she is ever lost or stolen. A microchip can be implanted at any time, but we usually do it at the time of spaying or neutering. Your puppy should also where an ID tag on its collar with your name, address and phone numbers.